One of the key barriers in achieving the goal of personalized medicine is due to inability of current patient records to integrate with patient data as they are filed under different settings and across various health care providers. Assimilation of these data in one package could enable not only health care providers to provide better management of patients but also aid patients during medical emergencies.
However, the main difficulty in achieving this goal is that individuals are not aware of how to create and maintain their personal health record. In the past whenever a patient visits a hospital, or oral surgeon Winnipeg, their medical records are stored in paper based format for many years. Now in the present day the paradigm shift of technology makes it possible to enter these records in digital format. But, the patients will not have access to these records when they are discharged form the hospital. When they create their own personal health record can they be able to carry all their personal health information with them.
Having an personal health information with you always enables your physicians to quickly asses your health condition. It also offers you a tool to keep track of all your health parameters over a period of time. In cases of any drastic changes in your parameters like Blood pressure in case you are a hypertensive patient or blood sugar level in case you are a diabetes patients enables, physicians to optimize treatment rapidly.
Electronic management of personal health records were developed in the last 2 decades by several electronic health software vendors. Rapid growth in this sector was noticed during the dot-com bubble era. Today, with the growth of Web 2.0 in the internet, there is renewed interest in Personal health records in electronic format. Many still have confusion about Personal health records (PHR) and Electronic health records (EMR).PHRs are different. EMRs or electronic medical records are developed in Hospitals and medical centers, these legal health records are created and stored in health care settings and patients have no control over these records. They contain the longitudinal medical information of any patient over a period of time. A fully functioning EMR is described as one that includes a clinical data repository, controlled medical vocabulary, computerized provider order entry, clinical documentation or charting, pharmacy management, electronic medication administration record, major ancillary systems (for example, laboratory, diagnostic imaging, cardiology, and so on.) and picture archive and communication systems (PACS).
However, PHRs or Personal health records are created by the individuals and patients can have full control over these records. These can contain in addition to medical illness information, health related information. The models are shrink wrapped unlike the EMRs. They could also include complete demographics of the patient along with essential health insurance details. In addition they could also include record of illness over a period of time.
Personal health records have a useful role to play in health care management. Adopting technologies in health care will significantly reduce the cost and improve the effectiveness of health care delivery. Over prescription of medications, duplication of tests and lack of sharing of medical information among health care service providers has resulted in increased cost of health care in the current era.
This article is for informational purpose only and is in no way intended to be a substitute for medical consultation with a qualified professional. The author encourages Internet users to be careful when using medical information. If you are unsure about your medical condition, consult a physician.